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PowerSwitchJames



Joined: 24 Nov 2005
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Location: London

PostPosted: Tue Nov 22, 2005 11:12 am    Post subject: Leaflets Reply with quote

We're putting together a portfolio of printable leaflets about Peak Oil. We need some volunteers to write 500 words on one or more of the following. If you're willing, let me know at james@powerswitch.org.uk

Peak Oil & Transport
Peak Oil & Agriculture
Peak Oil & Climate Change
Peak Oil & Healthcare
Peak Oil & Energy Costs
Peak Oil & Community
Peak Oil & Conflict
Peak Oil : An Overview
Peak Oil : Mitigation
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isenhand



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PostPosted: Tue Nov 22, 2005 12:43 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Just a general essay or do you want something with lots of facts, figures and references? What sort of time schedule are you thinking about?
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PowerSwitchJames



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PostPosted: Tue Nov 22, 2005 5:46 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

It needs to be something that appeals to all levels, and needs to have basis in fact (naturally!) . A good approach might be comparing what is to what could be. We need it by the 1st December (1st drafts anyhow).
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Bandidoz
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PostPosted: Wed Nov 23, 2005 2:34 am    Post subject: Re: Leaflets Reply with quote

PowerSwitchJames wrote:
Peak Oil & Agriculture


I'd suggest using this:

http://www.copvcia.com/free/ww3/100303_eating_oil.html

and possibly this:

http://wolf.readinglitho.co.uk/mainpages/agriculture.html

some of the DAP underlined sections quoted here:
Dale Allen Pfeiffer wrote:
At present, nearly 40% of all land-based photosynthetic capability has been appropriated by human beings.[2] In the United States we divert more than half of the energy captured by photosynthesis.[3] We have taken over all the prime real estate on this planet. The rest of nature is forced to make due with what is left. Plainly, this is one of the major factors in species extinctions and in ecosystem stress.

Dale Allen Pfeiffer wrote:
Between 1950 and 1984, as the Green Revolution transformed agriculture around the globe, world grain production increased by 250%.[4] That is a tremendous increase in the amount of food energy available for human consumption. This additional energy did not come from an increase in incipient sunlight, nor did it result from introducing agriculture to new vistas of land. The energy for the Green Revolution was provided by fossil fuels in the form of fertilizers (natural gas), pesticides (oil), and hydrocarbon fueled irrigation.

Dale Allen Pfeiffer wrote:
In the United States, 400 gallons of oil equivalents are expended annually to feed each American (as of data provided in 1994).[7] Agricultural energy consumption is broken down as follows:

? 31% for the manufacture of inorganic fertilizer

? 19% for the operation of field machinery

? 16% for transportation

? 13% for irrigation

? 08% for raising livestock (not including livestock feed)

? 05% for crop drying

? 05% for pesticide production

? 08% miscellaneous8

Energy costs for packaging, refrigeration, transportation to retail outlets, and household cooking are not considered in these figures.

To give the reader an idea of the energy intensiveness of modern agriculture, production of one kilogram of nitrogen for fertilizer requires the energy equivalent of from 1.4 to 1.8 liters of diesel fuel. This is not considering the natural gas feedstock.[9] According to The Fertilizer Institute (http://www.tfi.org), in the year from June 30 2001 until June 30 2002 the United States used 12,009,300 short tons of nitrogen fertilizer.[10] Using the low figure of 1.4 liters diesel equivalent per kilogram of nitrogen, this equates to the energy content of 15.3 billion liters of diesel fuel, or 96.2 million barrels.

Dale Allen Pfeiffer wrote:
In a very real sense, we are literally eating fossil fuels. However, due to the laws of thermodynamics, there is not a direct correspondence between energy inflow and outflow in agriculture. Along the way, there is a marked energy loss. Between 1945 and 1994, energy input to agriculture increased 4-fold while crop yields only increased 3-fold.[11] Since then, energy input has continued to increase without a corresponding increase in crop yield. We have reached the point of marginal returns. Yet, due to soil degradation, increased demands of pest management and increasing energy costs for irrigation (all of which is examined below), modern agriculture must continue increasing its energy expenditures simply to maintain current crop yields. The Green Revolution is becoming bankrupt.

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isenhand



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PostPosted: Wed Nov 23, 2005 7:46 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

PowerSwitchJames wrote:
It needs to be something that appeals to all levels, and needs to have basis in fact (naturally!) . A good approach might be comparing what is to what could be. We need it by the 1st December (1st drafts anyhow).


Hmm ? I?ll give it a go. One on community. Not sure about the date but I?ll do my best. Is that OK?
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isenhand



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PostPosted: Wed Nov 23, 2005 8:25 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

do you want graphics as well?
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newmac
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PostPosted: Wed Nov 23, 2005 9:49 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I'll give a bash to the Peak Oil and Conflict one....
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PowerSwitchJames



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PostPosted: Wed Nov 23, 2005 10:58 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I think one or two graphics would be good.
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DamianB
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PostPosted: Wed Nov 23, 2005 11:19 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I'll have a go at PO: Mitigation if it's 'going spare'.
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newmac
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PostPosted: Wed Nov 23, 2005 2:56 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Am I right in assuming, my 500 words will not need to cover any intro to Peak Oil? Is one side of the leaflet going to be some standard PO stuff and then the other side the bit we are working on?
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newmac
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PostPosted: Wed Nov 23, 2005 3:28 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Also, don't we need a Peak Oil & the Economy one?
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extractorfan



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PostPosted: Wed Nov 23, 2005 11:29 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I've already submitted a couple, hope they are of some use.

I want to do Peak Oil and conflict next.

I find writing this stuff, even if not used, is quite a useful exercise.
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isenhand



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PostPosted: Thu Nov 24, 2005 9:54 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

isenhand wrote:
PowerSwitchJames wrote:
It needs to be something that appeals to all levels, and needs to have basis in fact (naturally!) . A good approach might be comparing what is to what could be. We need it by the 1st December (1st drafts anyhow).


Hmm ? I?ll give it a go. One on community. Not sure about the date but I?ll do my best. Is that OK?


The first rough draft of the community one is in, but I think I will be making some changes.

Which ones are we missing now?

Smile
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newmac
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PostPosted: Thu Nov 24, 2005 10:23 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

I've already written and submitted one (draft) on PO and Conflict
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newmac
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PostPosted: Thu Nov 24, 2005 2:13 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

I'll tackle the PO and Transport next. Bandidoz - are you doing the Agriculture one?
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